Sir John Hawkwood and his White Company threw away the rulebook while fighting in the Italian city-states of the 14th century
The Clever English Mercenary Maneuvers His Way Through 14th Century Italy
In the 16th century a collection of 20,000 Germanic mercenaries attempt to breach the walls of Rome so that they can take the Pope hostage
Mercenaries Attempt to Take Rome So as to Ransom the Pope
The Kung Fu Nun imitates nature to develop a figthing style that is designed to take down a bigger, stronger, and faster opponent.
Nature as Inspiration for a New Fighting Style
It is posited that 9th century Vikings conquering the kingdoms of England had the upper edge in battle because they believed that the more they killed the better their standing would be in Valhalla.
The More The Vikings Kill The Better Their Standing in Valhalla
While the Scottish were greatly outnumbered by the English army, Sir William Wallace used the Scottish terrain to his advantage.
William Wallace Maximizes the Advantages of Scottish Terrain
The Roman invasion of present-day Great Britain was similar to that of the Normandy invasion in terms of the relative scale and risks involved in an amphibious assault across the English Channel.
The Roman Empire's D-Day Invasion
At the beginning of the Battle of Shinohara in late 12th century Japan each side selects their champion for a one-on-one duel, and to the surprise of the vanquished champion his opponent reveals that she is a woman.
Tomoe Gozen the Legendary Female Samurai Champion
In his drive to expand his empire towards India Alexander the Great's biggest obstacle is keeping his supply lines traversing Afghanistan secure. US and British forces today face the same challenges.
The United States and Alexander the Great Face the Same Challenges in Afghanistan
The Janissaries of the Ottoman Empire were highly trained killers taken from their homes at a young age as part of a blood tax, who distinguished themselves in battle, notably during the siege of Constantinople of 1453.
Janissaries Were the Ottoman Empire's Elite Shock Troops
Eagle Warriors were the elite shock troops of the mighty Aztec Empire and they fought war the Aztec way - trained not to kill but capture their enemies. Their main weapon was the ingenious macuahuitl, which used obsidian to tear through flesh.
The Aztec Eagle Warriors and Their Awesome Macuahuitl
The elite units of the Byzantine Army, the Varangian Guard, served as personal bodyguards to the Byzantine Emperors, and originated primarily from Scandinavia and England. Along with the prowess in combat they wielded highly effective weapons.
Varangian Guard Weapons and Tactics
Just as the US Navy Seals have their super-elite Team 6, so the Spartans have their own best of the best, the Krypteia, or Secret Operations Force. As part of their initiation they must stealthily and successfully assassinate an unsuspecting target.
The Spartan Elite Must Assassinate as Part of Their Initiation
A dagger experts explains the three different types of daggers: the stabber, the slasher, and combo slasher/stabber. Watch demonstrations of each type.
Differences in Daggers
The Ninja, or Shinobi warrior, developed a unique set of tactics that the samurai could not employ because of their honor code. Ninjas were free to conduct what today would be described as black ops, such as assassinations, spying, and sabotage.
Ninjas Were the First to Conduct Black Ops
Viking Berserkers used highly effective weaponry to compliment their exceptional battlefield aggression. In the hands of the fearsome Vikings the Dane axe and double-sided sword hacked their way through opponents throughout a large swath of Europe.
The Viking Axe and Sword Dole Out Death
An elite warrior class, the Koa, emerged in Hawaii amid constant warfare between the islands and its leaders. The Koa practiced a punishing martial art called Lua and sought to enrich themselves through their vanquished enemies' life force.
The Elite Hawaiian Koa Feed Off Their Enemy