World War II Quiz


Prove how much you know about World War II.

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Question 1 of 11

Who first used the term “axis” to describe a military alliance during World War II?

Adolph Hitler
Benito Mussolini
Emperor Hirohito
Winston Churchill

... Mussolini first used the term in 1936, when he spoke of Rome and Berlin forming an axis around which the rest of Europe would revolve. The term became official after the “Axis Powers” of Germany, Italy and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact in 1940.


Question 2 of 11

The first American military casualty of World War II was at Pearl Harbor.


... On April 21, 1940, a German bomber attacking Dombas, Norway, killed American Military Attaché to Scandinavia Capt. Robert Losey. The citizens of Dombas erected a monument in Losey’s honor in 1987.


Question 3 of 11

What World War II action caused Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?

German invasion of Austria in March 1938
German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939
German invasion of Poland in September 1939
German invasion of France in May 1940

... Great Britain and France were willing to accept Germany’s early aggression in return for Hitler’s assurances that it would not continue. But Germany’s invasion of Poland triggered a declaration of war, because of the pre-existing Anglo-Polish military alliance.


Question 4 of 11

Germany never declared war on Great Britain during World War II.


... Germany only made a formal declaration of war against the United States, on Dec. 11, 1941. The U.S. then immediately declared war on Germany (and Italy), that same day.


Question 5 of 11

What was the name of the individual daily combat food ration introduced by the U.S. Army during World War II?


... Developed by Dr. Ancel Keys and produced by the Cracker Jack Company, the K-ration provided three meals a day (and cigarettes) for U.S. Army troops and continued to be reissued during the war in Korea.


Question 6 of 11

What anti-tank weapon developed during World War II was named for its resemblance to a musical instrument of the same name?


... The M1A1 rocket launcher was introduced in 1942. Its long, cylindrical shape resembled the bazooka, a novelty brass instrument popular in the 1930s.


Question 7 of 11

What vehicle, still for sale today, did Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower praise as one of the weapons that won the war for the Allies?

The Jeep
The Land Rover
The Charger
The Hummer

... Developed in the early 1940s, the Army scout vehicle known as a “jeep” became so popular it was sold to civilians starting in 1944.


Question 8 of 11

What was the code name for the Allied invasion of Normandy, beginning on “D-Day,” June 6, 1944?

Operation Herring
Operation Diver
Operation Liberty
Operation Overlord

... Overlord was the code name for establishing an Allied presence on the European continent. The assault phase of Overlord was code-named Operation Neptune.


Question 9 of 11

The Battle of the Bulge was named for the region of Belgium and Luxembourg where it was fought.


... It was officially named the Battle of the Ardennes. Maps of the battle’s movements depicted the concentrated breakthrough of German forces past the Allied line of defense, so pushing back that “bulge” was the Allied objective.


Question 10 of 11

The unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany after the Battle of Berlin on May 8, 1945, is commonly known as what in the United States?

Victory Over Fascism Day
Liberation Day
VE Day
Day of the Allies

... Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) set off massive celebrations in Great Britain and the United States. It was also the 61st birthday of President Harry S. Truman.


Question 11 of 11

More civilians died as a result of fighting in World War II than did military personnel.


... Over 70 million people died during fighting in World War II, and more than 47 million of those were civilians.


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